Plastic is a familiar material in daily life, but not everyone knows the concept of plastic and how many types of plastic beads. Let’s learn more about the information surrounding plastic with Biopolymer in the article below!

Bioplastic beads
Bioplastic beads

What are plastic beads?

Plastic are a very important material, play an important role as an input material for the production processes of plastic products.

How many main types of plastic beads are there?

Currently on the market, plastic have many types and designs, but there are only 3 main types:

  • Primary plastic
  • Recycled plastic
  • Bioplastics

1. What are primary plastic beads ?

Primary plastic are produced by the fractional distillation of petroleum.

Primary plastic have hardness, high elasticity, softness and flexibility, resistant to warping and pressure. In addition, they are odorless, tasteless, non-toxic and have a natural transparent color, but in the production process, people often mix more coloring particles to make this kind of plastic more colorful and eye-catching.

Aesthetically, primary plastic beads are highly appreciated because of their smooth glossy surface and bright colors, so they are often used in manufacturing applications in industries that require high safety and security such as medical, food and other industries.

Some common types are PP, PE, ABS,…

2. What are recycled plastic beads ?

 Recycled plastic beads
Recycled plastic beads

Recycled plastic are produced by the process of collecting and recycling old plastic items and plastic waste. This process includes steps such as: sorting, crushing, cleaning, drying, melting. Then, they are pressed into small fibers or tiny recycled plastic beads.

Because recycled plastic are created from the process of collecting and classifying different plastic waste and plastic materials, it will not keep the purity and inherent features like primary plastic beads. However, it will be cheaper for sure. Not only that, the quality of recycled plastic will be gradually reduced according to the number of times of recycling and impurities mixed in it.

For the same reasons, this plastic are often used as raw materials in industries such as construction, etc.

3. What are bioplastic beads ?

Hạt nhựa sinh học cà phê
Coffee bioplastic beads

Bioplastics are a breakthrough in reducing plastic pollution. They are created from the process of combining natural materials (such as starch, cellulose,…) and traditional plastic such as PP/PE. Bioplastics still retain the preeminent features of primary plastics such as hardness, high elasticity, good strength and heat resistance, worthy of the perfect solution to replace petroleum-based plastics.

In particular, they are also biodegradable thanks to the natural ingredients present in the raw materials. After using, we can take bioplastics to the landfill or burn them. Under the influence of microorganisms and appropriate environmental conditions, bioplastics will decompose into humus, water, CO2 and biomass, ensuring that no harmful substances are left behind, thereby helping to protect the environment and limit the pollution of plastic waste.

Because this is a relatively new material applying high-quality production techniques, the price will be a bit more expensive than the remaining types of plastic. However, in the context of increasing plastic waste pollution and more and more government bans on plastic, bio-plastics are expected to catch the trend of “green” consumption and bring significant economic benefits to investors.

Hopefully, the information about the concept of what plastic beads are as well as the classification of it will help you have a better overview of the plastic industry.

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